The Warren Register of Colonial Tall Ships

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

FINAL QUARTER OF CONVICT SHIP REGISTER 1850-1868


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                                                                        1850. 
copyright R.J.Warren 2011-2012 

ELIZA IV’ Built 1815 at Calcutta. Wood ship of 682 Tons. She carried 60 male convicts to Norfolk Island. She landed 4 male convicts at Sydney on the 3rd of April 1850 and then landed 56 male convicts at Norfolk Island on the 30th of April 1850. Two of the convicts she had landed at Sydney, were sent by Coastal shipping to Hobart. She had no deaths en-route. She departed London on the 24th of December 1849 and arrived at Norfolk Island on the 30th of April, 1850. Master: Captain Daniel. Surgeon: John Andrews. 

           2nd and last direct shipment of convicts to Moreton Bay
BANGALORE’ Built 1843 at Jersey. Wood barque of 877 Tons. She carried 296 male convicts to Moreton Bay [Brisbane] and had four deaths en-route. She departed Spithead, England on the 7th of January, 1850 and arrived at Moreton Bay on the 30th of April 1850. Master: Captain William Morgan. Surgeon: William Jones. 

CONVICTS TO HOBART AND ETC [CONTINUED]

ST VINCENT’ Built 1829 at London. Wood ship of 630 Tons. She carried 207 female convicts to Hobart and had two deaths en-route. She departed the Downs [Kent] on the 19th of December 1849 and arrived in Hobart on the 4th of April 1850. Master: Captain John Young. Surgeon: Thomas Sommerville. 

NEPTUNE’ III. Built 1814 at Calcutta. Wood ship of 644 Tons. She carried 282 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania. She departed England in January 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 5th of April 1850. Master: Captain Henderson. Surgeon: Thomas Gibson. Owned by Mangles and Co. Reg. London. Master: Captain Ferris while in passenger service from 1844.She did two voyages with convicts but she was mostly a passenger ship on the London-Sydney service. 

EARL GREY’ Built 1835 at Newcastle, England. Wood barque of 571 Tons. She carried 240 female convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had four deaths en-route. She departed Dublin on the 17th of December 1849 and arrived in Hobart on the 9th of May 1850. Master: Captain H. E. Lansdowne. Surgeon: John Ferrier. 

BLENHEIM II’ Built 1845 at Shields. Wood ship of 808 Tons. She carried 193 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had four deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 6th of May 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 24th of July 1850. Master: Captain Alexander Molison. Surgeon: Charles Henry Fuller. 

BARETTO JUNIOR’ Built 1818 at Calcutta, India. Wood barque of 522 Tons. She carried 190 female convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had four deaths en-route. She departed England in 1850 and she arrived in Hobart on the 25th of July 1850.Master: Captain J. Huggins. Surgeon: R.W. Clarke. 

SCINDIAN’ Built at Sunderland in 1844. Wood barque of 650 Tons. She carried 75 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Portsmouth, England on the 4th of March 1850 and arrived at Fremantle on the 1st of June 1850. Master: Captain Jasper Cammell. Surgeon: John Gibson. 

MARIA SOMES’ Built 1841 at Yarmouth, England. Wood barque of 786 Tons. She carried 257 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had two deaths en-route. She departed Portsmouth on the 6th of May 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 8th of August 1850. Master: Captain Henry I. Naylor. Surgeon: J. G Williams. 

HASHEMY’ Built 1817 at Calcutta, India. Wood barque of 523 Tons. She carried 100 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 22nd of July 1850 and arrived in Fremantle on the 25th of October 1850. Master: Captain John Ross. Surgeon: John W. Bowler. 

NILE II’ Built 1849 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 763 Tons. She carried 300 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had one death en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 5th of July 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 3rd of October 1850.Master: Captain George N. Liversay. Surgeon: John Kidd. 

DUKE OF CORNWALL’ Built 1843 at Bristol. Wood ship of 580 Tons. She carried 200 female convicts to Hobart and had two deaths en-route. She departed Dublin in July 1850 and arrived Hobart on the 27th of October 1850. Master: Captain John Whitehead. Surgeon: Charles Smith. 

WILLIAM JARDINE’ Built 1836 at Liverpool. Wood ship of 671 Tons. She carried 261 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had one death en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 12th of August 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 14th of November 1850. Master: Captain Jasper Raitte. Surgeon: John Campbell. 

RODNEY’ Built 1850 at Sunderland, England. Wood ship of 877 Tons. She carried 312 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had four deaths en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 23rd of August 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 28th of November 1850. Master: Captain Alexander Maclean. Surgeon: Frederick W. le Grand. 

HYDERABAD’ Built 1842 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 815 Tons. She carried 287 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had no deaths en-route. She departed Queenstown, Ireland on the 13th of September 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 13th of December 1850. Master: Captain T. A. Castle. Surgeon: T Keown.

                                                               1851. 

EMMA EUGENIA’ Built 1836 at Whitby. Wood barque of 383 Tons. She carried 170 female convict to Hobart, Tasmania and had no deaths en-route. She departed London on the 30th of October 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 7th of March 1851. Master: Captain F. T. Davies. Surgeon: John Bower. 

MERMAID’ Built 1817 at Calcutta, India. Wood barque of 473 Tons. She carried 209 male convict to Fremantle, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed Portsmouth, England on the 9th of January, 1851 and arrived in Fremantle on the 13th of May 1851. Master: Captain J.P. Anderson. Surgeon: Alexander Kilroy. 

LONDON’ Built 1833 at London. Wood ship of 612 Tons. She carried 288 male convicts to Hobart and had three deaths en-route. She departed Dublin on the 20th of December 1850 and arrived in Hobart on the 10th of March 1851. Master: Captain J. Sceales. Surgeon: J. Booth. 

PYRENEES’ Built 1851 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 916 Tons. She carried 296 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had three deaths en-route. She departed Torbay, England on the 30th of March 1851 and arrived in Fremantle on the 28th of June 1851. Master: Captain Thomas Eagles. Surgeon: Alexander C. Macleroy. 

LADY KENNAWAY’ Built 1817 at Calcutta. Wood barque of 584 Tons. She carried 250 male convicts to Hobart and had one death en-route. She departed Portsmouth on the 5th of February 1851 and arrived in Hobart on the 28th of May 1851. Master: Captain J. Santry. Surgeon: J. Caldwell. 

MINDEN’ Built 1848 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 916 Tons. She carried 302 convicts to Fremantle and had one death en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 21st of July 1851 and arrived in Fremantle on the 14th of October 1851. Master: Captain R. D. Crawford. Surgeon: John Gibson. 

BLACKFRIAR’ Built 1848 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 621 Tons. She carried 261 female convicts to Hobart and had one death en-route. She departed Dublin, Ireland on the 24th of January 1851 and arrived in Hobart on the 29th of May 1851. Master: Captain T. Greaves. Surgeon: John Moody. 

CORNWALL’ Built 1811 at Calcutta. Wood barque of 872 Tons. She carried 300 male convicts to Hobart and had one death en-route. She departed Portsmouth on the 24th of February 1851 and arrived in Hobart on the 11th of June 1851. Master: Captain Maundrell. Surgeon: David Geddes. 

AURORA II’ Built 1843 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 536 Tons. She carried 232 female convicts to Hobart and had three deaths en-route. She departed London on the 26th of April 1851 and arrived in Hobart on the 10th of August 1851. Master: Captain Valentine Ryan. Surgeon: W. B. Jones. 

BLENHEIM II’ Built 1845 at Shields. Wood ship of 808 Tons. She carried 310 male convicts to Hobart and had two deaths en-route. She departed Cork, Ireland on the 29th of July 1851 and arrived in Hobart on the 31st of October 1851. Master: Captain Alexander S. Mollison. Surgeon: John Smith. 

RODNEY’ Built 1850 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 877 Tons. She carried 300 male convicts to Hobart and had no deaths en-route. She departed Queenstown, Ireland on the 24th of September 1851 and arrived at Hobart on the 20th of December 1851. Master: Captain Alexander MacLean. Surgeon: Frederick W. Le Grand.

                               1852. 

ANNA MARIA’ [2nd voyage] Built 1836 at Calcutta, India. Wood barque of 421 Tons. She carried 200 female convicts to Hobart and had four deaths en-route. She departed Woolwich on the 6th of October 1851 and arrived at Hobart on the 26th of January 1852. Master: Captain Edward M. Smith. Surgeon: W. McCrea. 

MARION’ Built 1834 at Calcutta. Wood ship of 684 Tons. She carried 280 male convicts to Fremantle and had one death en-route. She departed Portland on the 2nd of November 1851 and arrived at Fermentable on the 30th of January 1852. Master: Captain Alexander Bissett. Surgeon: Frederick W. Le Grand. 

ABOUKIR’ Built 1846 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 816 Tons. She carried. 280 male convicts to Hobart and had one death en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 28th of December 1851 and arrived in Hobart on the 20th of March 1852. Master: Captain John Cowell. Surgeon: Benjamin Bynoe. 

WILLIAM JARDINE’ Built 1836 at Liverpool. Wood ship of 671 Tons. She carried 212 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 3rd of May 1852 and arrived at Fremantle on the 1st of August 1852. Master: Captain J. Raiff. Surgeon: J. Donnet. 

JOHN WILLIAM DARE’ Built 1832 at Cringa. Wood barque of 291 Tons. She carried 172 female convicts to Hobart and had three deaths en-route. She departed Dublin on the 28th of December 1851 and arrived at Hobart on the 22nd of May 1852. Master: Captain Thomas Walters. Surgeon: Robert W. Clarke. 

FAIRLIE’ Built 1812 at Calcutta. Wood barque of 756 Tons. She carried 294 male convicts to Hobart and had two deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 11th of March 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 3rd of July 1852. Master: Captain Edward Pavey. Surgeon: Edward Nolloth. 

 ‘SIR ROBERT SEPPINGS’ Built 1844 at Moulmein, India. Wood ship of 628 Tons. She carried 220 female convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had one death en-route. She departed
Woolwich on the 18th of March 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 8th of July 1852. Master: Captain R. S. Stewart. Surgeon: L. S. Cunningham. 

PESTONJEE BOMANJEE’ Built 1835 at Dumbarton, Scotland. Wood barque of 595 Tons. She carried 291 male convicts to Hobart and had three deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 18th of April 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 31st of July 1852. Master: Captain Edward Montgomery. Surgeon: Daniel Ritchie. 

LORD DALHOUSIE’ Built 1847 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 912 Tons. She carried 324 male convicts to Hobart and had two deaths en-route. She departed Cork, Ireland on the 30th of April 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 14th of August 1852. Master: Captain W.T. Ferris. Surgeon: Charles Anderson. 

MARTIN LUTHOR’ Built 1840 at Greenock, Scotland. Wood barque of 450 Tons. She carried 212 female convicts to Hobart and had no deaths en-route. She departed Dublin on the 8th of June 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 1st of September 1852. Master: Captain Kenneth Ross. Surgeon: Thomas Crawford. 

LADY MONTAGU’ Built 1848 at Southampton, England. Wood ship of 763 Tons. She carried 200 male convicts to Hobart and had 10 deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 9th of August 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 9th of December 1852. Master: Captain Andrew Cheyne. Surgeon: Samuel Donnelly. 

EQUESTRIAN’ Built 1842 at Hull. Wood ship of 801 Tons. She carried 294 male convicts to Hobart and had four deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 1st of September 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 16th of December 1852. Master: Captain M.C. Loney. Surgeon: Alexander Cross.

                                                                 1853. 

DUDBROOK’ Built 1848 at Dundee, Scotland. Wood ship of 601 tons. She carried 229 male convicts to Fremantle and had one death en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 22nd of November 1852 and arrived at Fremantle on the 7th of February 1853. Master: Captain John Jones. Surgeon: Charles W. Keveru. 

PYRENEES’ Built 1851 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 832 Tons. She carried 296 male convicts to Fremantle and had three deaths en-route. She departed England on the 2nd of February 1853 and arrived at Fremantle on the 30th of April 1853. Master: Captain B. Freeman. Surgeon: John Bower. 

LORD AUCKLAND’ Built 1836. Wood barque of 628 Tons. She carried 248 male convicts to Hobart and had two deaths en-route. She departed Cork, Ireland on the 29th of September 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 29th of January 1853. Master: Captain George Thompson. Surgeon: J. Davidson. 

 ‘RODNEY’ Built 1850 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 877 Tons. She carried 342 male convicts to Hobart and had three deaths en-route. She departed Cork, Ireland on the 24th of November 1852, arrived at Hobart on the 12th of February 1853. Master: Captain Alexander MacLean. Surgeon: Joseph Caldwell. 

ROBERT SMALL’ Built 1835 at Newcastle, England. Wood ship of 655 Tons. She carried 312 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had nine deaths en-route. She departed London on the 1st of May 1853 and arrived at Fremantle on the 19th of August 1853. Master: Captain J. H. Walker. Surgeon: Harvey Morris. 

ORIENTAL QUEEN’ Built 1842 at Cork, Ireland. Wood ship of 645 Tons. She carried 280 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had three deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth, England on the 4th of November 1852 and arrived at Hobart on the 19th of February 1853. Master: Captain S.R. Thomas. Surgeon: David Geddes. 

 ‘PHOEBE DUNBAR’ Built 1850 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 704 Tons. She carried 295 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had ten deaths en-route. She departed Kingstown on the 2nd of June 1853 and arrived in Fremantle on the 30th of August 1853. Master: Captain T. Michie. Surgeon: John W Bowler. 

MIDLOTHIAN’ Built 1835 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 414 Tons. She carried 168 female convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had two deaths en-route. She departed Dublin on the 17th of November 1852 and arrived in Hobart on the 24th of February 1853. Master: Captain J. Gibson. Surgeon: David Thomas. 

DUCHESS OF NORTHUMBERLAND’ Built 1834 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 541 Tons. She carried 219 female convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had three deaths en-route. She departed Woolwich, England on the 28th of November 1852 and arrived in Hobart on the 21st of April 1853. Master: Captain George Mitchell. Surgeon: Charles Smith. 

ST VINCENT’ Built 1829 at London. Wood ship of 630 Tons. She carried 212 male convicts to Hobart, Tasmania and had five deaths en-route. She was the last ship to bring convicts direct to Hobart. She departed Spithead, England on the 17th of January 1853 and arrived in Hobart on the 28th of May 1853.Master: Captain John Young. Surgeon: Thomas Sommerville. She was the last convict ship to sail to Hobart, Tasmania, ending 51 years of convict transportation to that island.

                       End of transportation to Tasmania.

                                                1854. 

 ‘SEA PARK’. Built 1845 at Shields. Wood ship of 835 Tons. She carried 304 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed London on the 1st of January 1854 and arrived at Fremantle on the 5th of April 1854. Master: Captain Thomas Spedding. Surgeon: Josiah Caldwell. 

RAMILLIES’ Built 1845 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 757 Tons. She carried 277 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had two deaths en-route. She departed London on the 20th of May 1854 and arrived at Fremantle on the 7th of August 1854. Master: Captain Charles Hodder. Surgeon: Daniel Ritchie.

                                                                       1855. 

STAG’ Built 1843 at Sunderland. Wood barque of 678 Tons. She carried 225 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed London on the 5th of February, 1855 and arrived at Fremantle on the 23rd of May 1855. Master: Captain H.N. Clarke. Surgeon: unknown. 

ADELAIDE’. Built 1832 at Calcutta. Wood ship of 640 Tons. She carried 260 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed Portland on the 19th of April 1855 and arrived at Fremantle on the 18th of July 1855. Master: Captain M. Longman. Surgeon: S. Donnelly.

                                               1856.
  
WILLIAM HAMMOND’. Built 1853 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 683 Tons. She carried 250 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 5th of January 1856 and arrived at Fremantle on the 29th of March 1856. Master: Captain Horatio Edwards. Surgeon: George D. MacLaren. 

RUNNYMEDE’ Built 1854 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 720 Tons. She carried 248 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 15th of June 1856 and arrived at Fremantle on the 7th of September 1856. Master: Captain William Burrows.

                                                                      1857. 

CLARA’ Built 1853 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 708 Tons. She carried 262 male convicts to Fremantle and had no deaths en-route. She departed London on the 19th of March 1857 and arrived at Fremantle on the 3rd of July 1857. Master: Captain Henry Peachey.

                                  1858.
 NILE’ II. Built 1849 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 763 Tons. She carried 270 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 23rd of September 1857 and arrived at Fremantle on the 1st of January 1858. Master: Captain W. Johnson. 

LORD RAGLAN’ Built 1854. Wood ship of 756 Tons. She carried 270 male convict to Fremantle, Western Australia and had two deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 5th of Mach 1858 and arrived at Fremantle on the 1st of June 1858. Master: Captain Thomas Hybert. Surgeon: John Brown. 

 ‘EDWIN FOX’ Built 1853 at Sulkeah, Bengal Province, India. Named after a East India Company financial convenor. Built by Thomas Reeves for the East India Company but was kept by the builder. Sold to Duncan Dunbar in an 1854 auction for 30,000 Pounds. Used as Crimea war transport until late 1855. Wood ship [Teak] of 892 Tons. Length: 144.8 ft. Breadth: 29.8 ft. Depth: 23.6 ft. Last of the many East India Company ships. In 1858, she carried 280 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 26th of August 1858 and arrived in Fremantle on the 20th of November 1858. Master: Captain Joseph Ferguson. Sold in 1862 to Gallatly, Hankey and Co and placed on the Australian run. Shaw, Savill and Albion Co of New Zealand who placed her on the New Zealand run chartered her. Later Captains were Walpole and Davis. Shaw Savill bought the ship in 1885 for 2,500 Pounds and they then put her into the frozen meat trade into which she retired from ocean voyages. She was used as a freezer for sheep carcases until in 1905, she then became a coal hulk and landing stage. In 1950, her Poop and Forecastle were removed and a loading jetty was built over the top of her at Picton, New Zealand. Strangely, a ship that had been used to keep men under lock and key, was now and for many years, imprisoned beneath the unfeeling timbers of a colonial jetty. The ‘Edwin Fox’ was rediscovered in 1964 and was dragged out of her prison by Mr Norman Brayshaw and his Edwin Fox Restoration Society.. Today, she floats in a nearby bay and like Humpty Dumpty, is waiting for finances and someone to put her together again. 

                 Convict register for the ship ‘Edwin Fox’ 
Arrived Fremantle, Western Australia 20th November 1858. 280 Male Convicts.
Name Where Convicted.
Allen James Sussex.
Anderson James Central Criminal Court.
Annakin William Yorkshire.
Atkins Thomas Warwick.
Audley Edward Yorkshire.
Baker James Essex.
Baker William Yorkshire.
Baldwin Joseph Kent
Barr David Ayr.
Barry Frederick Warwick.
Bartlett William Dorsett
Barton George Kent.
Bassett William Warwick.
Bates John Derby.
Beckford William Southampton.
Bell John Yorkshire.
Bell George Yorkshire.
Beresford William Yorkshire 
Berrenhard Marcus Edinburgh.
Bickmore Joseph Central Criminal Court.
Birnie James Aberdeen [Scotland]
Bishop John Nottingham.
Booth Richard Stafford.
Bowen John Wiltshire.
Brant Thomas Stafford.
Bresnahan Patrick Middlesex.
Bridgeman John Isle of Man.
Brooks William Essex.
Bromley Thomas Lancashire.
Brown Thomas Huntingdon.
Brunton William Edinburgh.
Bryan John Central Criminal Court.
Bunney George Hertford.
Burgess James Central Criminal Court.
Burke Patrick Middlesex.
Burns Thomas Warwick.
Burston William Somerset.
Burton Tobias Sussex.
Bushell Thomas Malta [Courts Martial]
Cannish Frederick Hertford
Campbell Peter Cheshire.
Capewell John Derby
Carr James Central Criminal Court.
Cecil John Warwick.
Chapman Bedford Halifax, Nova Scotia.[Courts Martial]
Chiverall Joseph Central Criminal Court.
Chockledy Joseph Middlesex.
Chowney? James Surrey.
Clarke William Barbados [Courts Martial]
Cochrane William Edinburgh.
Collochen Michael Lancashire.
Compton John Central Criminal Court.
Connell Daniel Central Criminal Court.
Cooke David Central Criminal Court.
Crabb William Dorset.
Croker James Central Criminal Court.
Davieson John Durham.
Davis Edwin Surrey.
Davis James Worcester.
Davy Patrick Cumberland.
Day Francis Cambridge.
Devlin James Lancashire.
Dodd Edward Warwick.
Dower John Central Criminal Court.
Dowson William Durham.
Draper John Yorkshire.
Duff Peter Lancashire.
Duisdale William Yorkshire.
Dunn Henry Kingston on Hull.
Dunstory Shadrack Aylesbury [Buckingham]
Edgecumbe John Exeter.
Elkins Thomas Warwick.
Edwards Charles Warwick.
Edwards Henry Norfolk.
Edwards William Lancashire.
Ellison Melville Isle of Man.
English Patrick Quebec [Courts Martial]
Essex William Warwick.
Evans John Glamorgan.
Fawell John [alias John Wright] Leeds.
Ferguson Robert Stirling.
Finch Edward Bedford.
Fish Philby Central Criminal Court.
Fisher Thomas Durham.
Foster John Lancashire.
Fraser John Dumfriesshire.
Freeland Brian Lawson Northumberland.
Garner Joseph Alesbury. [Buckingham]
Garrett John Central Criminal Court.
Geary James Central Criminal Court.
Gibbons Thomas Glasgow.
Glossop James Mauritis [Courts Martial]
Golden Frederick Middlesex.
Graham William Cumberland.
Gray William Warwick.
Griffith Thomas Glamorgan.
Green Henry Nottingham.
Green John Lancashire.
Gully John Leeds.
Hackett William Lancashire.
Hamilton Charles Gibralter [Court Martial]
Hammond Thomas [alias John Saul] Nottingham.
Harradine John Bedford.
Harris William Surrey.
Hartley Joseph Central Criminal Court.
Hayes William Gloucester.
Hendry James Glasgow.
Hignett Henry [alias James Baker] Cheshire.
Hillman William Sussex.
Hodgkinson William Nottingham.
Hodgson William Leeds.
Hoffman Patrick Lancashire.
Homer Joseph Sussex.
Howard Robert Essex.
Hoy James Lancashire.
Hoyle John Lancashire.
Hulse William Derby.
Humphreys William Stafford.
Hutchison Peter Jedburgh.
Hutton David Derby.
Hyland Bernard Halifax, Nova Scotia [Courts Martial]
Jago John Exeter.
Janssen Hans Kent
Jackson Thomas Leeds.
Jobson Henry Forton [Courts Martial]
Johnson John Cambridge.
Johnson Thomas Northumberland.
Jones John Yorkshire.
Jones Thomas Warwick.
Jordan Enoch Lancashire.
Keane George Cheshire.
Kearney Thomas [alias’ Gibbon, McDear, Giblin] Durham.
Kelly Timothy Guernsey.
Kemp John Sussex.
Kilner William Lancashire.
King Edward Central Criminal Court.
King James Mauritis [Courts Martial]
Kirkwood James Glasgow.
Kyrne Robert Yorkshire.
Lane William Gloucester.
Leach William Lancashire.
Levy Phillip Central Criminal Court.
Little Charles Glasgow.
Livingstone Robert Middlesex.
Lowes John Cumberland.
MacDonald John Lancashire.
McDonald Alexander Glasgow.
McDonald Hector Inverary.
McDonald Joseph Southampton.
McCarthy John Central Criminal Court.
McCormack James Malta [Courts Martial]
McCormick John Central Criminal Court.
Mace Thomas Huntingdon.
Mann George Middlesex.
Manning William Middlesex.
Marsh James Halifax, Canada [Courts Martial]
Martin Thomas Surrey.
Mason George [alias David Rodson] Worcester.
Melbourne Charles Central Criminal Court.
Mellor James Yorkshire.
Messenger William Lancashire.
Millard Thomas Somerset.
Miller James Glasgow.
Miller James Cambridge.
Miller James Kent.
Milner William Yorkshire.
Mordley Thomas Durham.
Morris John Stafford.
Murray Thomas [or Tom, alias Tom Trainer] Edinburgh.
Nelson William Lancashire.
Norris Joseph Surrey.
Oliro Henry Stafford.
O’Neil Glasgow.
Oppenheime Jacob Cheshire.
Orr Hugh Exeter.
Orr John Glasgow.
Osman Frederick Southampton.
Owen Thomas [alias Radley] Surrey.
Parker James Central Criminal Court.
Parker John Yorkshire.
Parker Joshua Lancashire.
Partridge Charles Warwick.
Patrick William Yorkshire.
Peake Edward [alias Wilcox and Williams] Denbeigh.
Pearce William Central Criminal Court.
Pilkington Entwistle Lancashire.
Platt James Lancashire.
Polley George Essex.
Ponting George Sussex.
Powell Charles Worcester.
Ramsey Elijah Essex.
Reade John Cheshire.
Redpath Leopold Central Criminal Court.
Riley Bernard Northumberland.
Roan Patrick Liverpool.
Robinson Matthew [alias George Smith] Yorkshire.
Robson James Central Criminal Court.
Rogers Thomas Lancashire.
Rorke Jeffrey Suffolk.
Rushton George Derby.
Samuel Edward Stirling.
Scully John Central Criminal Court.
Sharp Jolin Henry Gloucester.
Sherwood Thomas Yorkshire.
Shilling Thomas Kent.
Shoesmith Robert Lancashire.
Showell Frederick Warwick.
Shipley Ralph. Derby.
Simpson Joseph Northumberland.
Smith George Central Criminal Court.
Smith John Cambridge.
Smith John Jedburgh.
Smith Thomas Cheshire.
Smith William Devon.
Speed Joseph Liverpool.
Stafford Richard Lancashire.
Stewart John Perthshire.
Stillman Joseph Gloucester.
Stott James Liverpool.
Steward William Southampton.
Storey James Leeds.
Stubbs James Cheshire.
Suffins Thomas Derby.
Sylvester John Yorkshire.
Taylor James Devon.
Taylor James Southampton.
Taylor John Herbert Central Criminal Court.
Tester William George Central Criminal Court.
Thomas William Devon
Thompson John Derby.
Tipper Thomas Montreal, Canada [Courts Martial]
Tombs Charles Warwick.
Tomkins William Central Criminal Court.
Tonks Henry Warwick.
Tranter Patrick Worcester.
Turner Yorkshire.
Tyrell Richard Norfolk.
Voiles William Warwick.
Walker John Lancashire.
Wallace William Southampton.
Walsh James Warwick.
Walton Thomas Warwick.
Warburton John Lancashire.
Ward James Lancashire.
Wardle Charles Lancashire.
Watts Henry John Central Criminal Court.
Webb William [alias Philip Levy] Central Criminal Courts.
Weir William Malta [Courts Martial]
Welch Peter Southampton.
White Phillip Buckingham.
Wickstead William Lancashire.
Willetts Thomas Lancashire.
Williams Charles Central Criminal Court.
Williams George Anglesey
Williams James Derby.
Williams John Central Criminal Court.
Williams John Middlesex.
Williams Richard Kent.
Williams Thomas Central Criminal Court.
Williams Thomas Durham.
Williamson William Nottingham.
Wilson Andrew Shepherd Edinburgh.
Wilson George Lancashire.
Wilson John Central Criminal Court.
Wilson Joseph Manning Edinburgh.
Woollon Thomas Derby.
York John Colombo [Courts Martial]
Young Andrew [alias William Young] Stafford.
Young Arthur Lancashire.

The convict ship ‘Edwin Fox’ is still afloat as a hulk at Picton, New Zealand. She is in the care of the local restoration society and it is believed that they are trying to restore her. If this can be done, she would surely become a tourist attraction for many thousands of families who had their forebears arrive in Australia and New Zealand. She was not only a convict ship, she was also heavily involved in the passenger trade

                                           1859.
  

SULTANA’ Built 1854 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 775 Tons. She carried 224 male convicts to Fremantle and had no deaths en-route. She departed Plymouth on the 29th of May 1859 and arrived at Fremantle on the 19th of August 1859.Master: Captain Arthur Sharp.

                                                               1861. 


PALMERSTON’ Built 1853 at Moulmein, India. Wood ship of 978 Tons. She carried 296 male convicts to Fremantle and had three deaths en-route. She departed Portland on the 10th of November 1860 and arrived at Fremantle on the 11th of February 1861.Master: Captain J. N. Seagrove.

                                         1862.
 LINCELLES’ Built 1858 at Moulmein, India. Wood ship of 904 Tons. She carried 306 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia She had two deaths en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 5th of October 1861 and arrived at Fremantle on the 28th of January 1862. Master: Captain Edwin Gooch. Surgeon: William Crawford. 

NORWOOD’ Built 1854 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 786 Tons. Length: 160 ft. Breadth: 31.2 ft. Depth: 20.5 ft. She carried 290 male convicts to Fremantle and had no deaths en-route. She departed Portland on the 16th of March 1862 and arrived at Fremantle on the 9th of June 1862. Master: Captain Frank Bristow. Surgeon: A. Watson. 

YORK’ II. Built 1854 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 940 Tons. Length: 172 ft. Breadth: 32.5 ft. Depth: 21.6 ft. She carried 300 male convicts to Fremantle and had one death en-route. She departed Portland on the 8th of October 1862 and arrived in Fremantle on the 31st December 1862. Master: Captain C. Breacey. Surgeon: unknown. 

   
                                        1863.
  
MERCHANTMAN’. Built 1852 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 1018 Tons. Length: 175 ft. Breadth: 34 ft. Depth: 22 ft. She carried 259 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had two deaths en-route. She departed London on the 12th of October 1862 and arrived in Fremantle on the14th of February 1863. Master: Captain William Gardiner. Surgeon: William Smith.

CONVICT MUSTER for the ship ‘MERCHANTMAN’               
10th October 1862. 
All convicts were ex Bermuda.
Name. Where Convicted.
 Ainsley William Williamson Yorkshire.
Allanson William Staffordshire.
Allen Charles George Lancashire
Allen James Perth, Scotland.
Allen Stephen Yorkshire.
Allsop Robert Bermuda [Courts Martial]
Anderson Alexander Aberdeen, Scotland.
Atwell Henry Central Criminal Court
Bacon Thomas Fuller Lincoln.
Bain William Lancashire.
Baker Robert Leicester.
Baker Samuel Kent.
Barlow William Warwick.
Barnes Henry Montgomeryshire.
Barrow George Central Criminal Court.
Bartell Alfred Gloucester.
Bevon Henry [or Bevan] Nottingham.
Bickle John Devon.
Black Henry Lincoln.
Bolyne John Central Criminal Court.
Boyce William Ireland.
Breresford George [Beresford?] Chester.
Brooks James Southampton.
Brown Charles Staffordshire.
Brown James Perth, Scotland.
Brown Richard Staffordshire.
Brown William Ireland.
Burgess Isaac Gloucester.
Burnside William Durham.
Byford James Exeter.
Callaghan Austin [alias Thomas Williams] Suffolk.
Campbell James [Courts Martial]
Campbell John Edinburgh, Scotland.
Carpenter Michael Bermuda [Courts Martial]
Clark William Yorkshire.
Clarke James Staffordshire.
Cloudley Thomas Gloucester.
Coleman James Devon
Collins Joseph Central Criminal Court.
Connolly Martin Central Criminal Court.
Cooley Robert Edinburgh, Scotland.
Cooper Richard Essex.
Cosgrove Peter Lancashire.
Coyle James Perth, Scotland.
Coyne George Warwick.
Cullen Patrick Ireland.
Davis Henry Glamorgan.
Davis James Middlesex.
Davis William Kent.
Douglas John Edinburgh, Scotland.
Duffy Patrick [Courts Martial]
Duthort James Yorkshire.
Eades Charles Surrey.
Earp Thomas Warwick.
Edwards George Warwick.
Edwards John Lancashire.
Ellam Thomas Yorkshire.
Elliott Samuel Bermuda [Courts Martial]
Enstone Robert Central Criminal Court.
Fahey John Ireland.
Faure Thomas Central Criminal Court.
Flecher Alfred Lancashire.
Fraser Peter Edinburgh, Scotland.
Gadd Henry Sussex.
Gibson David Hertford.
Gleadall James Yorkshire.
Glenn William Nottingham.
Goddard Samuel Southampton.
Goff William Central Criminal Court.
Golding William Staffordshire.
Goodfellow John Southampton.
Greaves Frederick Central Criminal Court.
Gunn William Perth, Scotland.
Harmer George Kent.
Harris John Glamorgan.
Hathaway John Kent.
Henfrey George Lincoln.
Hershaw Richard Yorkshire.
Hiram Edward Lancashire.
Hirst Richard Yorkshire.
Hitchcock Henry Essex.
Hodgekinson James Derby.
Hogg William Lancashire.
Hood Charles [of Flood] Southampton.
Hughes James Northumberland.
Hunt Robert Central Criminal Court.
Jackson Edward Central Criminal Court.
Jenkinson Samuel Lancashire.
Johnson Francis Kent.
Johnson Thomas Yorkshire.
Jones James Warwick.
Jones William Central Criminal Court.
Jones Thomas Buckingham.
Jones Thomas Hertford.
Katt or Kall William Northumberland.
Kebito William Charles Cambridge.
Kellaway Joseph [alias Job Oliver] Southampton.
Kelly Edward Lancashire.
Kerr Thomas Edinburgh, Scotland.Kilroy Patrick Lancashire.
Kinnear James Ireland.
Leary John Ireland.
Leggett James Suffolk.
Levy Patrick Ireland.
Lockett Thomas Norfolk.
Lush William Dorset.
McBride James Bermuda [Courts Martial]
McDonald Hugh Edinburgh, Scotland.
McDonald James Edinburgh, Scotland.
McInnes William Ireland.
McKinnon Archibald Glasgow, Scotland.
McMulkin James Edinburgh, Scotland.
McMully John Staffordshire.
McRae Alexander Perth, Scotland.
McSparrow Archibald Edinburgh, Scotland.
MacAnerney John Lancashire.
MacDonald Alexander Lincoln.
MacKenzie John Lancashire.
MacMahon John Lancashire.
Maddox Sampson Warwick.
Mahon James Yorkshire.
Maley George Central Criminal Court.
Mallaney Peter [alias Maloney] Staffordshire.
Maloney James Bermuda [Courts Martial]
Marney Alexander Central Criminal Court.
Marsden [Courts Martial]
Mew John Nottingham.
Miles John Jedburgh, Scotland.
More John Lancashire.
Morfitt Henry Yorkshire.
Morris Charles Yorkshire.
Morris Joseph Chester.
Morrison Charles Glasgow, Scotland.
Mortimer John Yorkshire,
Mowbray Alfred Devon.
Muster Thomas Gloucester.
Naris William Central Criminal Court.
Oliver William Lemon Central Criminal Court.
Ostler Noah Norfolk.
Parke William [Courts Martial]
Pettitt Frederic Suffolk.
Potter Graham Kent.
Read William Warwick.
Reardon John Central Criminal Court.
Redfern William Central Criminal Court.
Robertson David Glasgow. Scotland.
Robinson James Devon.
Ryan Michael Ireland.
Ryan Timothy Ireland.
Salter Job Southampton.
Salter William Southampton.
Saville William Central Criminal Court.
Scott James Glasgow.
Slater James Southampton.
Smith Edward Southampton.
Smith James Lancashire.
Smith John [Courts Martial]
Smith John Lancashire.
Smith Samuel Derby.
Snow William Middlesex.
Sparrow George [alias George Williams] [Courts Martial]
Sparrow Thomas Leicester.
Stevenson William Lancashire.
Summers Robert Cambridge.
Swasage Henry Central Criminal Court.
Taite Samuel Ireland.
Tarrey Thomas Leicester.
Taylor Henry Warwick.
Thomas George Yorkshire.
Tilley Francis Leicester.
Tozer Frederick Somerset.
Wade William Yorkshire.
Walka Henry Yorkshire.
Waters Henry Kent.
White Alfred [alias Smith] Lincoln.
Williams George Lincoln.
Williams Thomas [alias John Rice] Suffolk.
Wilson Joseph Huntingdon.
Wilson Thomas Central Criminal Court.
Wilson William Glasgow.
Wood Henry Central Criminal Court.
Woolcomb Joseph Middlesex.
Woolley John Chester.
Woolley Thomas Worcester.
Wray Joseph Ireland.
Wrightson Joseph Yorkshire.
Wyatt John Oxford.

Almost all convicts registered on the ‘Merchantman’, were either interned at Bermuda or were soldiers convicted during court martials in Bermuda. The vessel loaded her convicts in London after they had been transported there for shipment to Australia. Many of them had already served much time in relation to their sentences. 

CLYDE’ Built 1860 at Glasgow. Iron ship of 1151 Tons. Length: 214.1 ft. Breadth: 33.1 ft. Depth: 22.6 ft. She carried 320 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Portland England, on the 15th of March 1863 and arrived in Fremantle on the 29th of May 1853. Master: Captain Henry Stephens. Surgeon: William Crawford. 

LORD DALHOUSIE’. Built 1847 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 912 Tons. Length: 146.9 ft. Breadth: 33.6 ft. Depth: 22 ft. She carried 270 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed Portland England, on the 25th of September 1863 and arrived in Fremantle on the 28th of December 1863. Master: Captain George Harvey.

                                                                    1864. 

CLARA’ Built 1853 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 708 Tons. Length: 144.5 ft. Breadth: 30 ft. Depth: 20 ft. She carried 301 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had no deaths en-route. She departed London on the 11th of January 1864 and arrived in Fremantle on the 13th of April 1864.Master: Captain R Burrows. 

MERCHANTMAN’ Built 1852 at Sunderland. Wood ship of 1018 Tons. Length: 175 ft. Breadth: 34 ft. Depth: 22 ft. She carried 259 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had two deaths en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 1st of July 1864 and arrived in Fremantle on the 12th of September 1864. Master: Captain William Gardiner. Surgeon: William Smith.

                                                                1865. 


RACEHORSE’ Built 1853 at Jersey. Wood ship of 1077 Tons. Length: 209.3 ft. Breadth: 36.1 ft. Depth: 20 ft. She carried 280 male convicts to Fremantle and had two deaths en-route. She departed Portland England, on the 26th of May 1865 and arrived in Fremantle on the 10th of August 1865. Master: Captain M. H. Seward. Surgeon: A. Watson. 

VIMIERA’. Built 1851 at Sunderland, England. Wood ship of 941 Tons. Length: 165.7 ft. Breadth: 33.6 ft. Depth: 22.9ft. She carried 279 male convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 39th of September 1865 and arrived in Fremantle on the 22nd of December 1865. Master: Captain Malcolm Green. Surgeon: William Crawford.

                                                                 1866. 

 ‘BELGRAVIA’ Built 1862 at Sunderland, England. Wood ship of 889 Tons. Length: 169 ft. Breadth: 34.5 ft. Depth: 21.2 ft. She carried 277 male convicts to Perth, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed Portland England, on the 7th of April 1866 and arrived in Perth on the 4th of July 1866. Master: Captain John E.W. Jackson. 

CORONA’ Built at Dundee in 1866. Composite ship of 1199 Tons. Length: 209.6 ft. Breadth: 35 ft. Depth: 22 ft. She carried 308 male convicts to Perth, Western Australia and had three deaths en-route. She departed Portland England, on the 16th of October 1866 and arrived in Perth on the 22nd of December 1866.Master: Captain William S. Crudace. Surgeon: William Crawford.

                                            1867.
  
NORWOOD’ Built 1854 at Sunderland, England. Wood ship of 786 Tons. She carried 254 male convicts to Perth, Western Australia and had one death en-route. She departed Portland, England on the 18th of April 1867 and arrived in Perth on the 13th of July 1867. Master: Captain Frank Bristow. Surgeon: W. M. Saunders.

                                           1868.
 HOUGOMONT’ Built 1852 at Moulmein, India. Wood ship of 875 Tons. Length: 167.5 ft. Breadth: 34 ft. Depth: 23 ft. She carried 280 male convicts to Perth, Western Australia. She departed London on the 12th of October 1867 and arrived in Perth on the 8th of January 1868. Master: Captain William Cozens. 

                                         CONVICT MUSTER 
 For the ship ‘HOUGOMONT’ arrived Perth 1868.
 Name Where sentenced
Abraham Patrick Lancashire.
Aher Jeremiah Cork [Ireland]
Allen Henry Cornwall.
Allison David Glasgow.
Anderson Charles Central Criminal Courts.
Armstrong John Glasgow.
Auderton William Lancashire.
Austin Charles Kent.
Austin William Middlesex.
Austin Henry Carnarvonshire.
Backnell Frederick Central Criminal Courts.
Baines Thomas Dublin [Ireland]
Baker Charles Courts Martial [Rio de Janiero, Brazil]
Baker John Norfolk.
Banks John Lancashire.
Barnett John Yorkshire.
Barrett Cornelius Central Criminal Courts.
Bell William Carnarvonshire.
Bell William [alias John Burnip] Durham.
Berry Joseph Lancashire.
Betts Thomas Nottinghamshire.
Berwick Thomas Central Criminal Courts.
Birch Henry Warwickshire.
Black Robert [or Back] Dundee.
Blow Alfred Glasgow.
Bowler Thomas [alias Cullinane] Cork [Ireland]
Brannow Edward Lancashire.
Brophy Hugh Francis Dublin [Ireland]
Bryant Samuel Court Royal [Jersey]
Busfeld James Yorkshire.
Byrne Patrick Manchester.
Callaghan Edward Kent.
Campbell James Courts Martial[Halifax, Nova Scotia]
Campbell James [alias Michael Berry] Inverness.
Carey Alexander Scotland. [Edinburgh]
Carter John Carnarvonshire.
Casey John [alias John B Casey] Cork. [Ireland]
Cashman Denis Dublin [Ireland]
Cassidy William Glasgow
Cave Robert Central Criminal Courts.
Clark George Cambridge
Cochrane Thomas Manchester. Died 16/12/1867 on voyage.
Coe Horace Surrey.
Coles Richard Manchester.
Colkett George Courts Martial. New Brunswick [Canada]
Connel Daniel Stafford.
Connolly John Court Royal [Jersey]
Connolly Peter Court Royal [Jersey]
Cooney Daniel Courts Martial [New Zealand]
Corbett Jeremiah Courts Martial [New Zealand]
Corkerly Cornelius Lancashire.
Costello Patrick Kirkdale.
Cowper George Southampton.
Cranston Robert Courts Martial Dublin [escaped from W.A.]
Cronin John Central Criminal Courts.
Cummins David Cork [Ireland]
Darbyshire William Derbyshire.
Darragh Thomas Courts Martial [Cork, Ireland]
Davies Henry Middlesex.
Davies William Carmarthenshire
Delaney Thomas Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Delore Frederick Middlesex.
Derage Silas Somerset.
Dickerson Henry Surrey.
Dixon John Middlesex.
Donahue John Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Donavon Jeremiah Cork [Ireland]
Douglas Thomas Lancashire.
Douglas William Lancashire.
Downey Simon Cork [Ireland]
Duggan Thomas Cork [Ireland]
Dunne Patrick Dublin [Ireland]
Eaton William Yorkshire.
Eden George Manchester.
Edge Christopher Liverpool.
Ellis John Yorkshire.
Ellis Joshua Yorkshire.
Esposito Guiseppe Southampton.[Winchester]
Farrell Patrick Durham.
Farrington Jeremiah Manchester.
Fennell Thomas Clare [Ireland]
Fercough Isaac Yorkshire.
Flood James Dublin [Ireland]
Foggarty Thomas Tipperary [Ireland]
Foley John Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Foley William Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Fowler Judd Norfolk.
Fullam Laurence Louth [Ireland]
Fullam Luke Louth [Ireland]
Gabbites Henry Yorkshire.
Gaffin David Durham.
Gairdelli Joseph Central Criminal Courts.
Geary Eugene Cork [Ireland]
Ginty Michael Yorkshire.
Gooding William Surrey.
Gordon Alexander Glasgow.
Gordon George Glasgow
Gordon Henry Court Royal [Jersey]
Gray John Lancashire.
Green James Yorkshire.
Hall John Manchester.
Hammond John Henry Hertfordshire.
Hampshire John Yorkshire.
Harmsworth Charles Middlesex.
Harrington Michael Courts Martial [Dublin,Ireland]
Hassett Thomas Courts Martial Dublin [escaped from W.A.]
Hatton James Stafford.
Hawkins William Middlesex.
Haynes Benjamin Stafford.
Healy David Lancashire.
Henry James Lancashire.
Hewitt William Worcester.
Higgins William Carnarvonshire.
Hogan Martin Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Holderworth Lionel Central Criminal Courts.
Holland Henry Lancashire.
Hooper Edwin Gloucestershire.
Hopkins Thomas Carnarvonshire.
Horve James Manchester.
Hudson George. Leicester.
Hudson Robert Durham.
Hurrell Richard Stafford.
Hustinvale Philip Carnarvonshire.
Jellis John Northampton.
Johnson Saunders Suffolk.
Jones Benjamin Glamorganshire.
Jones George Central Criminal Courts.
Jones Henry Denbeighshire.
Jones John Shropshire.
Jones John Rowland Denbeighshire.
Jones Samuel Manchester.
Jones Thomas Manchester.
Jones William Worcester.
Joyce David Cork [Ireland]
Jubb Joseph Yorkshire.
Kane Cornelius Dwyer Cork [Ireland]
Kearney James Cork [Ireland]
Keatinge Patrick Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Keilly James Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland.
Kelly Edward [alias John Edward Kelly] Cork [Ireland]
Kelly James Middlesex.
Kerly John Glamorganshire.
King Thomas Lancashire.
Kenneally John Cork [Ireland]
Kilroy Henry Warwickshire.
Kingstone George Kent.
Lahey Patrick Tipperary [Ireland]
Leeson Charles Lancashire.
Lester Edwin Surrey.
Lines Thomas Warwickshire.
Lockwood John Central Criminal Courts.
Lombard Eugene Cork [Ireland]
Longhurst Charles Sussex.
Lucas William Kent.
Lynch John Courts Martial [Dublin,Ireland]
McCarthy Daniel Lancashire.
McCormick Owen Liverpool.
McCoy James Courts Martial [Dublin,Ireland]
McFadyen Thomas Lancashire.
McGuire Neil Glasgow.
McSwiney Morgan [McSweeney?] Cork [Ireland]
Malone Edward Courts Martial [Lucknow]
Marchant James Stafford.
Marsh Daniel Derbyshire
Matthews John Surrey.
Matthewson Edward Middlesex.
May Robert Louth [Ireland]
Mitchell Oberdadam Yorkshire.
Molloy Samuel Courts Martial [New Zealand]
Moore Michael Dublin [Ireland]
Morelas Emanuel Middlesex.
Moriarty Bartholomew Cork [Ireland]
Morrisey Patrick Northumberland.
Mountford John Stafford.
Murphy Edward Central Criminal Courts.
Mustoro William Gloucestershire.
Myerscough Robert Lancashire.
Narey Martin Middlesex.
Newton John Thomas Carnarvonshire.
Norman William Lancashire.
O’Hara James Carnarvonshire.
O’Mahoney Cornelius Dublin [Ireland]
O’Reilly John Courts Martial Dublin [Ireland]
Osborne Frederick Carnarvonshire.
Parsons Frederick George Surrey.
Partridge Edwin Gloucestershire.
Patmore William Carnarvonshire.
Peacock Thomas Glasgow.
Pearce Robert Carnarvonshire.
*Peetslack Samuel [or Peet Slack]* Lancashire.
Proctor William Lancashire.
Reid James Perthshire.
Reid Robert Lancashire.
Rhodes William Lancashire.
Robinson John Lancashire. [Liverpool Assizes]
Robinson James Montgomeryshire.
Robinson Richard Suffolk.
Rogers Auguste Central Criminal Courts.
Rogers Joseph Lancashire.
Rowe Thomas Stafford.
Salter Peter Lancashire.
Sanderson John Lancashire.[Bolton]
Savage Thomas Yorkshire.
Scarrh William Yorkshire
Scott Alexander Glasgow.
Scott William Central Criminal Courts.
Shaw John Carnarvonshire.
Sherry Phillip Courts Martial [Halifax, Nova Scotia]
Shine John Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Simms Arthur Warwickshire.
Simpson James Glasgow.
Sitzler Charles [alias Henry Canton] Central Criminal Courts.
Skewart Peter [alias John Skewart] Dundee.
Skilleen Patrick Courts Martial [Dublin,Ireland]
Skinner William Oxfordshire.
Slack Samuel Peet [or Peetslack]* Lancashire.
Smeddles George Cheshire.
Smith George Central Criminal Courts.
Smith Henry Manchester
Spelling Central Criminal Courts.
Spencer Charles [alias James Riley] Carnarvonshire.
Spencer William Middlesex.
Stewart James Scotland.[Ayr]
Stewart Daniel Glasgow.
Sullivan William Central Criminal Courts.
Taylor David Middlesex.
Taylor James Lancashire.[Salford]
Taylor William Essex.
Teague James Hertfordshire.
Tempest Edmund Yorkshire.
Thompson William Winchester.
Thompson William Courts Martial [Montreal]
Thornton John Liverpool.
Toakley George Central Criminal Courts.
Townley Thomas Courts Martial [Plymouth]
Treanor John Cheshire.
Tuck Henry Surrey.
Turner Thomas William Central Criminal Courts.
Turner William John Yorkshire.
Wager Edward Derbyshire.
Wall Patrick Louth [Ireland]
Walsh John Bennett Dublin [Ireland]
Warden James Kent.
Watkins Frederick Alexander Central Criminal Courts.
Wedgewood William Liverpool.
White John Surrey.
Whittaker John Manchester.
Wignall Samuel Lancashire.
Williams Charles Carmarthenshire.
Williams Henry Yorkshire.
Williams Kenrick Lancashire.
Wood James Surrey.
Wilson James Courts Martial [Dublin,Ireland]
Wilson Thomas Lancashire.[Salford]
Williams Robert Manchester.
Wrench Charles Warwickshire.
Wright Charles Central Criminal Courts.
Wright Charles Middlesex.
Young John Courts Martial [Dublin, Ireland]
Young George Worcester.

*This gentleman went by two names [Peetslack] and made it difficult for his captors to know which one was his own.

                                               The final cargo.
And so we come to the end of almost 100 years transportation of human beings to a land completely foreign to their way of life. This was a rather bad period for the English judiciary and the political system in use at the time.
The ‘Hougomont’ was the last ship to carry convicts to an enforced exile in Australia. Many of them were sent to the colonies for petty crimes that would not stand up in any court of today. But what better way to open up the colonies in the Americas, Africa and Australia?

England, while opposing black slavery, was actively using their own to populate and work the colonies at the lowest possible cost. Convicts were transferred around Australia on numerous coastal vessels, the ‘Governor Phillip’ being one such ship. She was capable of carrying many prisoners between ports. On one voyage from Sydney to Brisbane, she brought 61 convicts to the north.

The settlements of Sydney, Hobart, Brisbane, Melbourne and Perth were all created by convict labour. Adelaide and its surrounding countryside did not go without the efforts of convict workers although none were shipped direct to that city from England.

It was convict labour that forged the beginnings of the cities that are now world-renowned. Yes there were murderers, thieves and cut-throats among the thousands of people transported but there were also many more thousands of innocents who were convicted of crimes that were clearly set up to help populate the Australian colony.

Children received seven to fourteen years for having a handkerchief that did not belong to them and anyone over fifty could not expect a trip home, for they were usually given life sentences. Australia has much to thank these unfortunates for; they were torn from their loved ones and families and went with heavy hearts to a far and foreign land. We can feel pride at the efforts of those remarkable people who were shipped halfway around the world, to an isolated wild country destined to be, within 200 years, a nation of people who excel at all tests put upon them.

It has become apparent while putting this work together, that many families in Britain and Ireland knew that they could start a new life in Australia and that by simply committing a small crime, they would receive free tickets to the colonies. The price was servitude for at least seven years but the rewards could be large in respect to land and home ownership that could only be dreamed of in the ‘auld country’.

Australia can be justly proud of what these people have become having had such humble beginnings. Their progeny now excel in sport, profit in business and justify themselves proudly and firmly in war. What other nation of twenty million [or more] can quote such a proud record of achievement. There are those who charge that Australia was built on the backs of convicted criminals, to them we say, look unto thyself, for you too, have probably been built in much the same way. 

Copyright Raymond J Warren 2012

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